Start by adding custom product tags to your products in the Shopify Admin:
In the Theme Editor under Collection, Collection page. In the Content section, choose Add tag grouping:
Add a Group name which will be displayed as the heading for the filter group. Followed by a list of tags for the group.
Example of comma separated tags:
2010, 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, 2015, 2016, 2017